How To Get Into Radiology School

If you’re wondering how to get into radiology school, first you must decide what area of radiology you want to work in. You could become a radiologist, which requires a premedical bachelor’s degree and an extensive doctoral program with a specialization in radiology as well as a residency program. If this academic path sounds like too much for you, you could also become a radiologic nurse, radiologist assistant or radiologic technologist. The educational requirements for these three important professions will be discussed in this article.

A radiologic technologist assists the radiologist in the operation of radiographic equipment in order to produce images of the inside of patients’ bodies, explains the procedures to patients and helps the patients get into the correct position on the examination table. Radiologic technologists may specialize in CT, MRI, ultrasound or x-ray technology, although some also have skills in multiple areas. You will need to get a high school diploma and apply to a vocational school, community college or traditional university. Most radiologic technologist jobs only require an associate’s degree, but a bachelor’s will certainly increase your career options.

Radiologist assistants are higher-level radiologic technologists who are more involved in examinations, evaluations and management of patients. In this field you will have more responsibility in tasks such as judging the quality of images and making observations. You will need a bachelor’s degree for this job, so you will need to keep your GPA up in any high school or community college courses you take and focus on subjects such as math and science. For management positions, you may also consider a master’s degree. You will need to complete an internship and get certified by the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists as well.

You will also need a bachelor’s degree to become a radiological nurse. This job centers more on the entire care of the patient, including the emotional, mental and physical needs of the patients who are being tested or treated using radiologic equipment. Many nurses begin in pre-nursing programs at community colleges before going into a BSN program, and others start out in a traditional four-year university where they complete the Bachelor of Science in Nursing and prepare for the required licensing exams.

Institutions offering quality Radiology Technician Programs include Heritage College, MedVance Institute, Sanford-Brown College, Keiser University and Kaplan College.

Find the perfect Radiology School or Radiology College and start your path to a rewarding career.

Detecting Health Problems Before You Know They Are Present

While predicting the future is not possible, there are ways to predict the rise of certain health problems based on your current health state. Having a health diagnostic screening can be highly beneficial to people of all ages, from infancy to seniority. Occasional screenings can find problems before we know that they are present. Here are some of the many health problems that can be detected early if you choose to seek out preventive care, evaluations, radiology, and laboratory screenings for general health and wellness.

• High blood pressure can be detected with a simple blood-pressure check. If your blood pressure is high, you will be at high risk of developing future heart problems. When blood pressure is high, this is due to blockage in veins and arteries, usually fat deposits that are representative of a poor diet. A healthcare expert that finds you have high blood pressure should recommend that you make changes to your diet, especially your fat intake, and to your daily exercise routine. Without a simple health check, more severe symptoms such as irregular heartbeats, chest pain, or even a heart attack would likely send you to see a doctor.

• Allergies can be detected with simple allergy screenings. A healthcare professional can determine which substances, if any, are likely to irritate you internally or externally. This can prevent allergy attacks from exposure to allergens.

• High cholesterol can be detected with a simple blood test. High cholesterol is usually associated with a diet high in red meat and other fatty foods. With high cholesterol, people of all ages are at risk for heart complications and various other serious health concerns.

• Diabetes is usually not diagnosed by means of regular health screenings, but laboratory tests can detect high blood sugar and other signs that indicate you could be at risk of developing diabetes.

• HPV, a common cause of cervical cancer, can be detected in women by means of regular pap smears. Other female reproductive problems can also be detected.

• HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases need to be detected as soon as possible to prevent further spread of these serious conditions. HIV is currently not curable and leads to numerous health issues. Every person, regardless of sexual orientation, is at risk for HIV and other STDs if they are sexually active, even with just one person. Treatment will be needed as soon as possible for any STDs a person has contracted. Many STDs are contagious before an individual even shows symptoms of the disease.

• Colon cancer can be detected by means of colorectal cancer screenings. Cysts and other unusual masses can also be detected through this important examination.

• Obesity is a condition that can lead to several health problems. Many people who are aware that they are overweight may not be aware of just how far above a normal, healthy weight they are. A preventive health screening can clarify where you stand in the range between being severely underweight and morbidly obese.

• Breast cancer can be detected by means of mammograms and also breast exams, which can detect lumps or other malformities in the breast. Both males and females can develop breast cancer.

• Testicular and prostate cancers can be detected with simple health screenings. During the exams, lumps may be detected. This is especially important because men will not likely show symptoms of either cancer until they are very sick, an unfortunate truth that applies to virtually every type of cancer. Prostate cancer is difficult to self-examine for, and many men are not in the habit of checking themselves for testicular lumps.

For these and many other possible health conditions, it is important to be examined during a health diagnostic screening. Save yourself the trouble of becoming seriously ill by checking for potential health conditions and concerns in advance.

Radiology Technician Schools – Benefiting Your Career

Radiology technician schools offer training and education to aspiring radiology technicians. A radiology technician is the person who is involved in the operation of the ultrasound and x-ray machine. It is also his job to conduct maintenance checks on the machines to make sure that they are working properly at all times. Read on to find out more about the benefits of studying at radio technology schools and becoming a radiology technician.

Job Security

During the recent economic crisis, lots of people were gravely affected because they lost their jobs. Without a job there was no source of income to meet all their daily cost of living. Thousands lost their jobs because a lot of major companies and businesses were forced to shut down operations and terminate their employees. In the midst of the financial crisis, where people were losing their jobs and companies were closing down, one industry remained stable and that is the health care industry. Those working in hospitals, clinics and other health care facilities remained secure in their jobs. Because it has already been proven how stable this industry is, many people are thinking of attending radio technology schools for a more stable job in the future.

Good Compensation

After attending radiology technician schools, a high-paying job awaits you. Radiology technicians earn an annual salary of about $30,000 to $45,000. The rate of salary depends on which state you will be working as well as the salary rate set by the hospital, clinic, nursing home and other types of health facilities where you are employed.

Short-Term Courses Are Offered

In the past, the course for radiology technicians took 4 years to complete. Nowadays radiology technician schools already offer short-term courses where you can become a radiology technician in just 2 years. At the end of your 2-year course you will be given a certificate of completion. This 2-year course is a great option for individuals who are already working in the health care industry and just wish to shift to a new career as a radiology technician.

Plenty of Job Opportunities

Once you graduate from any of the best radiology technician schools there will be many job opportunities available for you. Working at a big hospital is not your only option. If you wish to work in a more laidback environment then you can apply for a job at small clinics, nursing homes and other small-sized health facilities.

Radiology Technician Schools – How to Become a Radiologic Technologist

If you are looking for a career that does not seem to show any signs of being affected by the economic crisis the US and the world is experiencing today, you might want to try getting yourself a career as a radiologic technologist. The medical industry, which is the industry where radiologic technologists belong to, is one of the more stable industries around when it comes to employment opportunities since people will always need qualified individuals to help them with their medical needs. Included in the list of jobs that you can get in this industry is one that puts you in charge of X-ray machines and ultrasound equipment. For you to be able to land a job in this field, you will need to find radiology technician schools that can teach you the fundamentals of becoming a radiologic technologist.

The job of a radiologic technologist does not only revolve around the proper use and operation of radiology equipment in medical institutions; it also involves the proper maintenance of these machines as well as the understanding and reading of the results that are produced by these machines. This means that if you are aiming to become a radiologic technologist, you will need to find radiology technician schools that can teach you all of these and more. Of course, when you decide to become a radiologic technologist, you should first know what kind of medical facility you might wish to get yourself into. Knowing what kind of medical facility you will want to work in will also help you decide which of the many radiology technician schools you will want to study at.

A lot of these schools that offer radiology technology courses often have different kinds of courses and degrees for those who want to have a career in this field. There are associate courses, bachelor’s degree courses and certificate courses that one can choose from. Some of these courses can be finished in a matter of months while bachelor’s degrees and associate degrees need to be accomplished in a matter of a few years. Your level of expertise and your possibility of getting a higher paying and better placed job in this industry may very well depend on the kind of course that you take for this line of work so careful consideration may be needed before you start your course.

The kind of salary a radiologic technologist can expect usually depends on where he or she chooses to find work as a radiology technician. Yearly earnings for people in this industry vary from a low of $45,000 a year to a high of $87,000 a year with an average of $58,000 annually for most people working with X-rays and ultrasound equipment. What you specialize in also has a bearing on what you earn with people working with radiation therapy and medical dosimetry earning the highest wages. What you earn from this industry also depends on a number of other factors like your educational background and work experience. Career advancement in this field may require further education which can lead to a master’s degree.

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Utilizing the Post-Graduation Resources of Radiology School Programs

It’s important to understand what resources to get connected after graduation from radiology school are available to you long before you need them. In fact, the post-graduation resources may even be a deciding factor in the school that you choose as a prospective student. Some schools guarantee that all students are able to secure positions in the radiology field within six months of graduation or similar types of assurances. If they have relationships with local employers and a strong career assistance department, it’s possible that such claims are absolutely true. In any case, it’s always best to be prepared for what lies after graduation long before that day actually comes.

Choosing a Radiology School

A good radiology school will truly prepare you for the rigors of the job as well. The program should be approved with JRCERT or at least qualified to prepare you for certification with the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists. If the school only prepares students for limited scope x-ray jobs or jobs as radiology technicians and x-ray technicians, it may also be too limited for your goals. A school that prepares you for a job as a certified radiologic technician will put you in a much better position upon graduation. Experienced faculty, high-tech resources and a positive employment rate for past graduates are also good signs.

Most states require that you are certified and licensed before you can perform the duties for most radiology jobs, so if your school doesn’t integrate certification and licensure into its program, you may be ill equipped. A good radiology school will be acceptable to both the American Registry of Radiologic Technologists and the state governing bodies.

It is perhaps most important that the radiology school you choose has some sort of job placement resources available to you. This could range from providing help with résumés and job applications to hosting job fairs to actually placing you with local employers. If you are attending a school that places students with local employers, you will be in the best position to start your career after graduation.

Employment Opportunities After graduating from an accredited radiology program, you may find employment in the following locations:

Doctor’s office

Hospital

Medical center

Mobile unit

Outpatient clinic

Many other types of health care facilities

If direct patient care isn’t for you, or if you have other interests that are guiding you, you may also choose to work in application specialties, education, management or sales.

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New hospital at the heart of future medical precinct

Netcare’s new flagship hospital on the Foreshore in Cape Town is the first phase of a development that will culminate in medical precinct, offering primary, secondary and tertiary medical, emergency, diagnostic and rehabilitative services.
New hospital at the heart of future medical precinctThe site of the original Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital, started life in 1969 as a commercial building and parking garage, before it was converted and opened as City Park Hospital in 1983.

In July 2007, Netcare initiated a feasibility study to determine whether the hospital should be renovated or relocated. It indicated that renovating the 17-storey structure while running the hospital efficiently would have posed many logistical difficulties, as well as considerable inconvenience for patients, doctors, visitors and staff members.

“A comprehensive building audit revealed that the cost of renovation would be 95% of the projected cost of developing a new, purpose-built hospital. And so, by November 2009, a decision was taken to move the hospital, and the search started for the location that would become the home of the new Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital,” recalls Dr Richard Friedland, chief executive officer of Netcare.

“After evaluating 32 different sites, the final choice was the corner of Rue Bartholemeu Dias Plain and DF Malan Street, then a dusty and unused parking lot.

“Building in the central business district of Cape Town presented challenges of its own but, fortunately, the design principles underpinning the construction of the new building were centred around flexibility and enabling growth. This meant that the hospital would not only be designed to readily accommodate expansion over time, but that its infrastructure would be able to accommodate state-of-the-art technology, such as robotic theatre equipment,” adds Friedland.

Special considerations

Construction so near to the Waterfront and harbour required the services of specialist consultants; aviation consultants assisted with the incorporation of a helistop on the roof of the facility, while marine consultants had to find solutions for the problem of the new hospital obscuring the Cape Town harbour navigation leading lights from ships at sea. This necessitated a new light tower to be erected in the harbour, and the height of the port navigation light on the municipal building to be increased.

Construction of the new hospital building began in June 2013, the commissioning commenced in July 2016 and was concluded in November 2016.

“At opening on Monday, 5 December 2016, the 16-storey building, which has a total floor space of approximately 30,000m2, will comprise 248 beds, of which of 61 will be intensive care and high care beds. There are 11 theatres, two cardiac catheterisation laboratories, medical, surgical and paediatric wards, a maternity unit incorporating delivery rooms, a dedicated Caesarean theatre and neonatal ICU, as well as doctors’ consulting rooms and eight floors offering public parking,” says Friedland.

Design features

In addition to incorporating sophisticated green principles and technology in the design of the hospital, other key elements revolved around optimising patient safety.

“The building has been designed to international safety standards, for example in terms of fire safety specifications and the ability to withstand earthquakes. With the worldwide increase in antibiotic resistance, we have also placed considerable emphasis on infection prevention and control, which is evidenced in the inclusion of design elements such as glass partitioning between beds to help prevent the spread of infections.

The hospital will accommodate a full spectrum of medical disciplines including cardiology and cardiothoracic surgery, orthopaedics, gastroenterology, gynaecology and obstetrics, internal medicine, reproductive medicine, paediatrics, nuclear medicine, radiology and interventional radiology, urology and robotic-assisted surgery for prostate, kidney and bladder cancer.

Future expansions

He adds that pockets of areas totalling 5,000m2 have been specifically designed on a number of floors within the hospital for future expansion of beds and other services, and that the building has the capacity to accommodate up to 375 beds in future.

“Provision has also been made for the construction of a radiation therapy bunker in the basement with state-of-the-art equipment to provide the latest radiation oncology treatment to cancer patients. This new facility will form part of the next phase of development,” Friedland explains.

The adjacent building, once occupied by Chevron, will be converted into a medical facility and incorporated into the new Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital. It will house a day clinic, a sub-acute facility, a dialysis centre managed by National Renal Care, pathology laboratories, a Medicross family medical and dental centre, and facilities for physiotherapists, occupational therapists and other healthcare practitioners.

Investing in the City of Cape Town

The new hospital facility represents a considerable investment by Netcare in the City of Cape Town and it is envisaged that the scope of the new development will lead to the creation of a number of new job opportunities. The hospital is one of a number of new developments planned for the Foreshore over the next five to 10 years, which is set to completely revitalise the area and stimulate the same dynamic character of the rest of the inner city.

“It was Netcare’s vision to develop a world class healthcare facility that reflects the excellence, innovation and sanctity of life that is synonymous with the legacy of the hospital’s namesake, Professor Christiaan Barnard. It is our belief that the medical endeavours and pioneering spirit for which he is remembered will be carried forward at the new Netcare Christiaan Barnard Memorial Hospital,” Friedland concludes.

New diagnostic tool for prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is often missed or under graded using standard biopsy techniques, once again highlighting the low priority of men’s health concerns on the agenda.
A biopsy, the most reliable method of detection, is a challenge because of the difficulties in visualising potentially cancerous areas of the prostate, but also the location of the biopsy needle. Trans-rectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS), the current biopsy standard, can be compared to looking for a needle in a haystack, with poor image resolution; the biopsy needle often passes through tumour-free areas of the prostate – potentially missing the tumour entirely.

Source:
Source: Philips

“Current detection methods – namely prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests and digital rectal exams (DRE) – lack specificity and are often inconclusive leading to many uncertainties for both patient and urologist,” says Dr Greg Boustead, specialist urologist and robotic surgeon at Netcare Waterfall City.

“A lack of clear imaging has led to substantial uncertainty and inaccuracy in diagnosing prostate cancer: this means that at least 60% of cancers are missed; resulting in a 30%-40% re-biopsy rate. The gold standard for prostate biopsy (a 35-year-old pathway) is only accurately able to find up to 44% of prostate cancers within a cohort of men,” adds Boustead.

Therefore, he is one of the first urologists looking to invest in the Philips Invivo UroNav in South Africa in the future.
The system uses magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, fused with live ultrasound guidance in conjunction with electromagnetic tracking to plan, guide, and document prostate biopsies. It simultaneously displays registered MR and ultrasound images and the projected needle path relative to the suspicious target lesion during the biopsy procedure and guides the urologist in real-time. What this essentially means is that with this high resolution data and innovative targeting tools we can identify specific areas within the prostate gland that are suspicious and require further evaluation.

“This critical exchange of diagnostic information fosters enhanced collaboration between radiology and urology in the assessment and biopsy of suspicious prostate lesions,” says Boustead.

Performing a biopsy with MR/US fusion holds the potential to improve the sensitivity and specificity of prostate biopsies. This results in a reduced incidence rate of false negative biopsy results.

MCC’s new licensing requirements for medical devices

New regulations relating to the import and distribution of radiology equipment will start to bite in 2017, when revised Medicines Control Council (MCC) licensing requirements come into effect.
In terms of the regulations, distributors and local manufacturers of medical devices have to comply with six general and at least eight design and construction principles related to their safety and efficacy. Importantly, licence applicants cannot just claim to comply with the requirements, they actually have to demonstrate compliance.

MCC’s new licensing requirements for medical devices
© 123rf.com

“Effectively, it will become illegal to import and distribute potentially sub-standard, ‘pirate’ equipment,” says Nicolene Voget, product manager at Bidvest Medical.

In addition, any device – apart from those categorised as being totally without risk to the health and safety of the user or patient – must have already obtained registration or approval from at least one of the internationally recognised regulatory authorities in Australia, Brazil, Canada, the European Union, Japan or United States before they can be registered for use in South Africa.

“Until now, radiology equipment sold in South Africa has not been subjected to these pretty stringent regulations by the MCC. The new regulations should effectively shut down what has become a worrying trend where low-cost, potentially low-standard radiology equipment is increasingly being imported into South Africa. This is finding its way not only into private practices, but also into government institutions,” Voget explains.

“In many instances, the specifications of this ‘pirate’ equipment appear to match that of registered equipment. However, because it has not been subjected to the same rigorous testing, there is no way for local radiography practices to determine whether what they are installing meets the high safety and quality standards their patients deserve.”

She notes that all radiology equipment, including equipment already in use in South Africa will have to be subjected to the MCC’s scrutiny every five years to ensure it complies with the latest safety and efficacy regulations

The Changing Field Of Radiology Medical Imaging

The landscape of radiology medical imaging is being changed. The entire imaging field is switching from film copy to the 21st century and going digital. Through technology like the Candelis Imagegrid, radiologists can captures an image and instead of printing it on film, are sending them directly digitally to a diagnostic imaging modality to your PACS workstations.

Once a radiologist takes an image, using a mammography workstation for example, the images are stored permanently in an electronic archive. The wonderful thing about this is now this important information can now be shared with doctors, specialists and other health practitioners anywhere in the world as long as they have Internet access. The diagnostic and clinical PACS workstations, as well as how the images are made available to the referring community, are probably one of the radiology medical imaging technology’s strongest aspects.

An affordable PACS, such as the Candelis ImageGrid, is much more complex than just the simple definition of it that most people recognize. Providing simple automation of a hospital’s film and image-management processes requires a fully functional PACS which meets the needs of its entire staff. No where else is this more prevalent than in the diagnosis of breast cancer.

Mammography viewer technology is remarkable because now your radiologist can view and manipulate images in clearer detail with high-resolution computer monitors used to enhance visualization of the structures within the breast tissue. Now they can adjust the brightness and contrast, or zoom in on a specific area of interest to help detect small calcifications, masses, and other changes which can be signs of early cancer. This wonderful radiology medical imaging technology assures we are provided the best possible care and diagnosis.

Compared with standard mammograms, recorded on clumsy and bulky film, computer-based digital mammography viewers are more accurate. The accuracy of a Candelis ImageGrid is a positive aspect for younger women with dense breast tissue, those under 50 and women who are pre-menopausal.
As an affordable PACS used for mammography and radiology medical imaging, this remarkable piece of technology is wonderfully flexible, and is customizable to suit the unique needs of any doctor’s office or hospital. This affordable PACS has the capability of configuring every one of your office procedures and staff roles as well as record and archive patient files and records. For remote access over the Internet, the Candelis ImageGrid can be configured with different levels of security and can be optimized to meet specific user requirements.

Any health office can achieve a fully digitized radiology medical imaging system through the combination of clinical workstations such as diagnostic monitors, 3D viewers for reading volumetric data, mammography viewers, PET and CT viewers. It can also be implemented to work with web-based viewers, routers, networks, and servers to create efficiency in connectivity, cost effectiveness and better patient care.

Use A Dicom Web Server, Dicom Web Viewer And Pacs Teleradiology For All Your Medical Digital Imaging Needs

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A DICOM digital imaging system is comprised of several different parts, depending on what functions you need your digital medical imaging equipment to serve. Archiving or storage of digital images occurs through the use of a DICOM web server. When used in conjunction with a DICOM web viewer, you can see the digital images you need for diagnostic purposes. When this system is added to a PACS teleradiology option, it allows you to send and receive digital images via secure online connections. By using images that are in the DICOM digital format, your small and mid-sized medical facility can improve its efficiency as well as save on costs.

DICOM Web Server

This type of medical server functions in a similar fashion to other types of servers used with personal computers. Several computers can be networked to a DICOM web server, and at the end of the day all of the digital medical images produced that day at the medical facility can be stored on the server. It is important that medical digital images are stored according to HIPPA regulations, and by using a DICOM web server, you can be sure that your medical office is in compliance. The web server also allows for off-site storage of digital images, which is needed for disaster recovery.

Web Based Dicom Viewer

A DICOM web viewer is a software that translates your dicom data into a viewable picture. One of the great features that comes from using a web based dicom viewer is that it improves consultations and work with off-site specialists. As long as they have authorization and a computer with the appropriate DICOM web viewer software, they can access the digital medical images, making it possible to consult with physicians located around the globe. A web based dicom viewer can be the basis of a workstation in your medical office, allowing you to perform diagnoses with enhanced digital imagery.

Teleradiology and PACS

PACS is a type of management database and network for your digital medical images. Teleradiology is a means whereby physicians at different locations can access the same medical digital images at the same time. PACS is used at workstations, allowing for the distribution and storage of your patients’ digital images, and this is greatly enhanced through the speed of the Internet.

When you utilize a web server with a PACS network and a web based dicom viewer, small medical facilities will truly have the fully functional capabilities that once only large hospitals had, and at a fraction of the cost.